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Railings used on stairs, balconies, decks, ramps, walks: We explain the difference between a handrail, a stair rail and a guardrail, and we provide specifications and building code specifications and sketches of proper, safe, and improper, unsafe handrails and other types of railings.
Thank you for a prompt reply. The balcony railing is an interior balcony. Does that make a difference? I have been checking friend's stairs/balcony railings and most of them are in the 36" range but the houses are all 5 yrs old. Even the interior balcony railings are 36" high.
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Building Codes. Because an interior balcony sits off the floor, it must adhere to a maximum distance between the railing's spindles or balusters. A 4-inch diameter ball should not be able to pass between them. The height of the railing is also specified by city building code.
Building code requirements for exterior decking railing, guards, and stairs are especially stringent because they fall into the category of critical health and safety matters. Code requirements for bathroom fans or drywall might be important but are not a life and death matter. By contrast, deck code is truly a matter of life and death or at least serious injuries.
The same height rules apply to stairs, and the inspector measures the handrail height from nose of the stair tread. The handrail, itself, should be easy to grip, with a minimum diameter of 1 1/4
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As for the balcony height that is for a balcony and not a stair railing. The GC is incorrect on that point "nor more than 38 inches 965 mm above landings" . Stairs are for assending and decending.
Handrail height, measured vertically from the sloped plane adjoining the tread nosing, or finish surface of ramp slope, shall be not less than 34 inches 864 mm and not more than 38 inches 965 mm .
A child slipping through the balcony railings and falling to the ground below is a nightmare no parent or homeowner wants to face. That's why local and state building codes regulate the gaps
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The International Residential Code requires balcony railings to be 36 inches high for homes. For business or fencing use, the railings should be 42 or 48 inches. Each community has different height requirements to determine if the porch or balcony requires railings.
36-37" high railings put the majority of the body mass above the railing height. A slip , bump or dumb move puts you over the railing much easier at the lower heights than at 42" and higher. The lower railing height actually acts as a fulcrum instead of a restraining device.
Balcony railings must meet certain requirements. Image: Michael Dodd/iStockphoto/Getty Images As defined by the International Residential Code IRC , a balcony is supported only on one side where it attaches to an upper story of a building.
The sweep space between the deck surface and the bottom rail must be less than 4". Handrails are required for stairs and must meet standards as specified by R in the IRC code. The top edge of the handrail must be placed between 34 and 38 above the nosing of the stair treads.
Re: Loft Handrail Height for landings or decks under 6` guardrail must be minimum of 36", for landings over 6' they require guardrail a minimum of 42" as per canadian n. b.c putting down subfloor with glue and screws, well i saw dr. smith and the robot too , i had a martian burger and a sonic shake